During the course of the preschool year both three- and four-year-olds will work on the development of the following skills and habits.  The children will experience these key developmental skills in a variety of ways and they will be presented differently for each age group.  These elements are the basis for evaluations given to families at the end of the year (for three-year-olds) and at the end of March (for four-year-olds). 

Skill and Habit Development Plan

Socialization
• Share with classmates
• Use good manners (please, thank you, greetings, and not interrupting others)
• Progress in developing and keeping friendships
• Self-directed during play and activity centers
• Respect and care for the classroom environment
• Understands and is interested in others feelings
• Follow classroom rules and participates as a group member
• Have a positive relationship with peers and teachers
• Adjust to changes in routine

Emotional (self-help)
• Dress for outdoor play
• Can go to the bathroom independently
• Talk about ways to prevent spreading germs and basic hand-washing skills
• Can clean up after self and be responsible for personal items
• Grow in their understanding of the importance of eating nutritious
• Develops positive self image
• Learn common safety procedures for at school and home
• Grow ability to follow simple and consistent directions
• Express positive and regulate negative emotions

Physical – Large and Small Motor
• Gain control over their bodies
• Begin to learn the names of body parts and their locations
• Move freely and safely
• Improve balance (on one foot and walking on balance beam with help)
• Continue to develop individual strength, flexibility, and stamina
• Develop and increase finger control, eye/hand coordination and strength
• Trace
• Cut a straight line
• Develop greater control over the physical skills needed to write
• Be able to build stable towers of blocks (8-10 blocks)


Intellectual Development

Cognitive
• Organize and gain information with simple to complex concepts
• Independently begin and complete an activity
• Practice problem solving skills
• Increase their abilities to observe, question, and predict
• Understand the difference between real and pretend
• Compare similarities and differences

Math
• Can match, sort, and identify likenesses and differences
• Can place objects or events in order
• Recognize that groups can be classified or sequenced different ways
• Understand colors, shapes, and sizes in their environment
• Understand that numbers have meaning (ex. 1 to 1 correspondence)
• Knowledge of numbers and counting (master 1 to 10, exposure to 20)
• Awareness of concept of measuring and weighing
• Awareness of the concepts of time and temperature

Language
• Understand verbal and nonverbal cues
• Understand position words (ex. above, below, next to, etc.)
• Listen attentively and respond appropriately
• Increase vocabulary usage
• Express wants and needs clearly and appropriately
• Remember and recite simple songs and finger plays
• Use rhyming words
• Express feelings verbally
• Understand that people communicate in different languages
• Show increased comfort and confidence when speaking
• Dictate stories to adults that relate to their own drawing
• Recall story details and can predict outcomes
• Enjoy hearing and telling stories in small and large group settings
• Know that books are written/read “left to right”
and that words and pictures have meaning
• Learn the roles of authors and illustrators
• Learn letters and associated sounds
• Begin to write familiar words and/or letter formation skills

Science
• Learn to collect, categorize, discuss, and record information
• Expand observational skills and begin to participate in simple investigations
• Discuss characteristics of the weather, seasons, the earth, and living organisms

Creative
• Play pretend enthusiastically
• Explore music using dance and movement and using various instruments
• Enjoy rhythm and music
• Express their own ideas when drawing, painting, molding, and building
• Increase awareness and use of artistic elements
• Show eagerness and satisfaction with their creative work
• Can talk about their creations with peers and adults

Social Studies
• Begin to know important and emergency information about themselves
• Begin to understand and respect different cultural groups and family structures
• Use words to discuss current events
• Begin to understand consequences of following and breaking rules
• Discuss workers and the services they offer in the community
• Begin to understand that people pay for things with a representation of money
• Participate in improving the environment with recycling and conservation